This cabinet photograph looks like a scene from a Clint Eastwood western feature film. It is as if the four men are looking into the street to watch Clint challenge four outlaws to a gunfight. More likely, this photograph captures a portrait of four men who work in an East Liverpool, Ohio blacksmith shop. Note that two of the men are holding tools of their trade and also take notice that there is a tool box in the center of the image. In additon, two of the men are wearing aprons and all four men are wearing what appears to be appropriate blacksmith garb. In the center of the photograph is a pretty horse. The photographer of this wonderful portrait is Culbertson’s Art Studio. The Culbertson studio is associated with the seamier side of photography and created quite a scandal in East Liverpool. Harry and Leon Culbertson were brothers and at one point were business partners in the Culbertson Brothers photography studio. On 5/10/1892, Harry was arrested on a charge of taking lewd and indecent photographs. His legal defense was that the photographs were “purely works of art”.The Lowell Daily Courier (Lowell, Massachusetts) reported the story on 5/13/1892. Culbertson claimed that two unknown young woman came to his studio and induced him to photograph them “undraped”. He left town shortly after his arrest.
An old man with a long pointy wispy beard poses for his portrait at the studio of W. D. Miller in Tiffin, Ohio. The elderly gentleman has a knowing but far away look in his very expressive eyes. He is well dressed for his day at the photography studio. William D. Miller operated a photography business in Tiffin from 1881 through 1887 and then again from 1897 through 1908.
This cabinet card portrait features a profile view of a pretty young woman. She is wearing a necklace, earrings, and a serious expression. Note her lace collar. The photograhic studio that produced this image is Appleton & Hollinger which operated out of Dayton, Ohio. The studio was located at the corner of 3rd and Jefferson. To learn more about Joseph M. Appleton and William Hollinger and to view more of their photographs, click on the category “Photographer: Appleton & Hollinger”.
This studio portrait captures a slouching dad pulling his daughter on a sled. Dad is wearing a suit, hat, and gloves while the child is bundled up in a winter jacket and warm winter cap. She is holding the sleds steering rope. She won’t go far on the sled considering it is atop straw instead of snow. Dad has assumed a very awkward slouching position for this photograph. Perhaps he is disabled. It is also possible that the photographer did a poor job of posing the father. In fact, the photographer, S. P. Gaugler, shows little skill in his production of this photograph. The subject of this photograph is actually the owner of the Bellevue, Ohio studio that produced this image. According to the previous owner of this photograph, the album that this cabinet card was taken from indicated that the subject is Simon Peter Gaugler and the little girl is his oldest daughter, Edith. It is surprising that a photographer would do such a poor job of posing for this photograph. The 1880 US census lists Simon Gaugler (1840-1915) as residing in Bellevue, Washington and working as a photographer. He was forty years old and living with his 27 year-old wife Lorinda. The couple had married in 1874 and were raising a four year-old daughter (Edith) with the help of a live-in servant. The 1900 census found the couple still residing in Bellevue and living with their 15 year-old daughter (Ethel). Simon continued to work as a photographer. By the time 1910 arrived, Simon and Lorinda were living in Lyme, Ohio with their daughter Ethel and her husband John. Simon was still operating a photo gallery even though he was seventy years old. In 1914 Lorinda died in Bellevue and a year later, Simon passed away in Atlanta, Georgia. He had moved to Georgia to be with his daughter Edith, the adult version of the little girl pictured above. Edith Gaugler (1876-1960) had become Mrs. Frederick Schanck on 9/10/99. At the time of their marriage, she was a school teacher and her groom was a telegraph operator and clerk. Census data reveals that the couple lived in Lyme, Ohio (1900), and moved to Atlanta, Georgia sometime before 1920. The couple still lived in Atlanta at the time of the 1940 US census.
Six young woman and two young men pose for a group photo at the studio of W.D. Archer in Dyson, Ohio. It is possible that this image is a graduation picture. The young man sitting on the floor is holding a piece of paper in his hands. Perhaps the paper is relevant to the reason these eight teenagers are gathered for this group photograph.
Two sportily dressed couples pose for their portrait at the Morrison studio in Bowling Green, Ohio. To learn more about Robert Prescott Morrison and to view more of his photographs, click on the category “Photographer: Morrison (Bowling Green). The couples are dressed as if they are about to embark on an outside adventure. The standing woman is holding a fan. The standing gentleman has something that appears to be pinned to his vest. Perhaps a visitor to the cabinet card gallery can identify the mystery object. Guesses are welcome so please feel free to leave a comment with your hypotheses.
“AMERICA FOREVER”: PATRIOTIC TEN YEAR OLD IN DAYTON, OHIO SUPPORTS AMERICAN SOLDIERS AND SAILORS DURING THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR
A ten year-old boy named Horace H. Justice Jr. poses proudly in a sailor suit at the studio of Anderson & Hartshorn in Dayton, Ohio. Horace’s naval cap displays the name “Dewey” rather than the more typical ship name. Admiral George Dewey (1837-1917) was a US naval officer best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish American War. He came home to the United States and was received as a conquering war hero. Young Horace is clearly paying tribute to Admiral Dewey. The Spanish American War era was a time marked by a escalation of patriotism in the United States and this image provides an illustration of this nationalistic fervor. It is also possible that Horace’s father may have served with Admiral Dewey and that Horace Jr. is emulating Horace Sr.. Initial research found a Horace J. Justice living in Dayton. The 1900 US census reveals that Justice was married to Mattie Justice 1885) and at the time of the census, they had a twelve year old son also named Horace. Horace Justice Sr. is mentioned in many Dayton city directories from 1871 through 1909. He worked many years as a travelling salesman. It could not be established that Horace Sr. was in the armed forces. It appears that Horace Jr was born in 1888 and died in 1948. Information was also found about the photographers. Photographer James Otto Hartshorn was a leading Dayton photographer. He was born in Ohio in 1869. A Dayton history book reveals that he was “deprived” of his parents when he was thirteen years-old and forced to live with various friends. He worked on a farm until he turned eighteen and and then moved to Dayton and for a short time worked in a cotton batting factory. In 1888 he became employed in a photography studio where he learned to become a very skilled photographer. In 1891 he married Ella M. Huesman of Dayton. In 1894 Hartshorn partnered with Charles F. Anderson and opened up the studio that produced the portrait of Horace Justice Jr..
This photograph captures an adorable dark skinned girl with ringlet curls posing with her large doll. The little girl and the doll are well dressed. The child is wearing a cute patterned paisley dress. The amount of detail seen on the doll’s facial features is terrific, as is the little girl’s smile. The girl is dark complected. Many cabinet card sellers would advertise this image as being a photograph of a Native American, Black, or Hispanic little girl. Obviously, there is no way to know the ethnic origin of this little girl but unscrupulous sellers would have no problem advertising a possibility as a certainty. Collectors of antique photographs must beware of such practices within the hobby. The photographer is the Armstrong studio in Paulding, Ohio. No further information could be found about the photographer of this image.
This cabinet card captures a fashionable handsome couple She is wearing a gorgeous dress and an elaborate hat with a feather. The photographer is William G. Starke and his studio was located on the corner of Main and Fifth Streets in Zanesville, Ohio. Starke operated in Zanesville from at least 1881 through 1897 and at some point, he was joined in the studio by his son, William E. Starke (1856-?).